Necklace given to me made with beads from Mexico
Let's begin with Peter Francis, Jr.'s book Beads of the World. It happens by chance that one of the most important early collector of beads and researcher into the history of beads, Peter Francis, Jr. lived not too far from where I live. His Center for Bead Research was located in Lake Placid. Although I never met Peter Francis, I did support his website called TheBeadSite. There on his website I found interesting articles about beads and pictures of many beads I had never seen before. Peter died in 2002 while on a research trip to Ghana. However, his website is still maintained. You can find many very interesting articles there about beads from all over the world. Fortunately, his collection was donated to the Bead Museum in Arizona. Peter's book Beads of the World is still available on Amazon . Although the book is designed for someone interested in collecting beads, it is comprehensive and covers beads from many countries beginning with the earliest beads He has chapters on The Use of Beads; Bead Materials: organic, stone, glass; each of these chapters include the earliest beads made and the techniques used to make them. In addition to his contribution to the history of beads, Peter Francis was also instrumental in establishing Bead Societies. He is often quoted as extending the definition of a bead to "anything that has a hole in it and is worn" and for his mantra "it's not about the beads, it's about the people." He believed that the study of beads was the study of humanity: the people who made the beads, the people who traded them and the people who used them and loved them and saved them so that they are still here today. We as bead makers, designers and lovers of beads are all part of the amazing history of beads.
One of the main contributors to the early research into bead history, according to Peter Francis Jr., is Joan Mowat Erikson who wrote, the now classic book, The Universal Bead. I have had a copy of this book for a long time. I especially like her chapters on Bead Magic and The Meaning of Beads. Erikson looks into the history of the connection between beads and eyes She discusses the use of beads to protect peoples in numerous cultures from the "evil eye." She talks of the universal appeal of beads almost as if it were wired into our neurological makeup. One early example of this connection, she suggests, is in the Eye Goddess of Syria pictured below and the Egyptian symbol of the Eye of Horus.
Africa Adorned by Angela Davis is a photographic journey into the the jewelry and bodily adornment of Africa. Angela Davis spent 7 years making this book. It contains a wealth information and beautiful color photographs. It is still available but may be out of print. It is most likely available in your local library. I have included a few pictures below taken from my copy of the book.
Cover of the book Africa Adorned
Sacred jewelry of iron and stone
Turkana bead work made from natural objects like shell, horn, bone, hair, wood, roots, seeds. and grass***********
The following are some more books that belong in a history of beads (these are books I would like to have someday): I have highlighted them with links to Amazon and a couple of them let you "look inside."
I hope you have enjoyed this brief list of books on the history of beads and that is has piqued your interest. In going over this material today, it has brought to mind questions for me to think about when making art beads and using them in jewelry: how does what I make relate to my beliefs, my sense of place, my sense of community, my intrinsic need to see with my eyes and my hands, and finally how do they give me and others a sense of joy and beauty.
Thanks so much for stopping by.